Politics Is A Struggle For Power

880 WordsMay 7, 20154 Pages
The idea that “politics is a struggle for power” is correct in relation to the theories of German sociologist and historian Karl Marx (1818-1883). The Marxist perception describes that power in a society is limited and defined by class structures. This theory details how power is primarily placed with the owners and managers of economic production (referred to as the bourgeoisie). As such, the struggles for power and its relation to politics are separated into how the proletariat and the bourgeoisie employ it. These ideas of uprising and revolt as well as control and coercion are included in Marx’s ideas of class antagonism, dissolution of state, exploitation, revolution and the ruling class theory. Class conflict uses the principle that the “history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” and this framework can be influenced in order for the higher classes to gain power. In Marxist theory, it is acknowledged as the continual tensions between fundamentally divided classes, as “every class struggle is a political struggle”. As such, one party is oppressed and placed under those who own means of social production and wage labour. This is simplified into the segregation of the two rival factions of the bourgeoisie and proletariat and competitiveness in the separate groups is emphasised to promote economic growth. The power of the proletariat therefore comes across in collectivism, as opposed to political coercion. However there exists no
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