Politics is the Manner in Which Society is Organized

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Politics is a complex theoretical representation of the manner in which society is organised. Politics,by definition,has many different meanings and branches. The most basic definition of politics as defined by David Easton is the “authoritative allocationof values”. The greatest assumption that politics makes is that a person can change the situation in which they find themself. Politics has a normative value that is there is a difference between the way things are and the ways things should be. In this essay the two mainbranches of politics,that is democracy and liberalism, will be discussed. These are not just political systems but they are also a set of rules and theories. Democracy is the branch of politics that has to do with the organisation of society through the collectively binding decision-making of the entire population. Liberalism on the other hand is a philosophy of politics that has to do with the freedom of control and interference from a governmental organisation. The values of equality in liberalism and democracy are two very different but important ideals. Liberal equality is the process of equality where every person enjoys the same amount of non-interference from the government while democratic equality is equal input into collectively binding decisions.
Democracy in its simplest form comes from the Greek words ‘demos and ‘kratos’: ‘demos’ which is taken to indicate the people and ‘kratos’ which means to rule. Democracy thus means rule by
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