Polluter Corp.

1057 Words Dec 3rd, 2013 5 Pages
Polluter Corp.
Polluter Corp. is a company that operates three manufacturing facilities and produces household cleaning products in the United States. The U.S. government grants this company with emission allowances (EAs) that can be used during 2010 to 2030. According to The Federal Energy Regulatory Commissions (FERC), Polluter Corporation records emission allowances as elusive assets with a cost basis of zero. The fiscal year is December 31.
To control and decrease the release of pollutants, the government issue EAs to individuals to send out a particular stage of pollutions. Each entity EA has a period year label. Each individual can freely anticipate in choosing who they want to sell the EAs or from whom they want to buy them.
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Therefore, until definitive guidance on accounting for emission schemes is issued, an entity applying IFRS has the option of either: Applying the principles of IFRIC 3; or developing its own accounting policy based on the hierarchy of authoritative guidance in IAS 8 Accounting policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors.
There are several approaches to deal with emission rights with different impacts on net income and financial position of the entity. The main treatments are The IFRIC 3 approach, Net liability approach, and Government grants approach. They are different in the aspects of revenue recognition, record basis, and liability recognition. However, all approaches have a common feature that the EAs are only intangible assets to be accounted for under IAS 38.
Under IFRS, activities related to purchase/sales of intangible assets result in investing activities. The reasons are similar to the reasons under U.S. GAAP. Therefore, even though there are several treatments to deal with the EAs, the purchase of additional EAs and the sale of excess EAs by Polluter Corp are all classified as investing activities.
Classification under U.S. GAAP
The FASB staff indicated that EAs are finite-lived intangible assets based on expected use by the reporting entity. At present, the Company also records the current EAs as intangible assets. However, the SEC staff

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