Poltical Factionalism: Dividing the People Essay

1556 Words 7 Pages
Political factions have played a fundamental role in shaping governments here and around the world in history and will continue to influence in the future. Factions divide a government based on different beliefs of key issue in policies, such as spending and warfare. Political factions are both beneficial to a society and detrimental.
A political party is “A group organized for the purpose of achieving and exercising power within a political system,” (Gwinn 960). They obtain their power by either election or revolution. Similarly, but not exactly is a group of people who attempt to influence the government, which would be a pressure group. Pressure groups attempts to influence both the government and political parties. A political
…show more content…
There are two basic types of political parties, Cadre and Mass-based. Both forms coexist together in many countries, because most parties are a mix of both parties, they are not mutually exclusive. It is extremely rare, and nearly impossible to find a party that’s just solely cadre or mass-based because when looking at the way politics functions in human society, it just is not possible.
Cadre parties are dominated by the politically elite, mostly restricted to taxpayers and property owners, and generally limited to a select few. The masses were used as spectators rather than actual activists. This system of factionalism brings us back to essential conflict of revolutionary times, the fight between the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. The aristocracy had been the landowners who relied on the peasantry to work their land and progress their fortunes. The bourgeoisie refers to middle class of bankers, merchants, and urban workers who felt that they should have a more significant role in the system.
Under the cadre party system there were another two basic subsections, liberal and conservative. The liberal ideal developed first around the times of the English revolution based on the 17th century writings of John Locke and then developed in the 18th century by French philosophers. It mirrored the voices of
Open Document