Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Summary

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Summary
For this article there were no research questions, but the authors wanted to focus on the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of PCOS. They found that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common in women, with a10% prevalence in women of reproductive age. Polycystic ovary syndrome is defined as ovarian dysfunction with polycystic ovaries. It also includes androgen excess which is shown by testosterone levels being elevated. Increased levels of testosterone can be seen through excess body hair. Obesity is seen in many women with PCOS, this can lead to insulin resistance and Type II Diabetes. Genetics has an impact on polycystic ovary syndrome with 20-40% of people with PCOS having first-degree relatives with the syndrome.
The authors also found that PCOS can cause many long term side effects, including Type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, mood disorders, and malignancy. Type II diabetes is due to the high prevalence of obesity leading to insulin resistance in PCOS. Women with PCOS are at higher risks for cardiovascular diseases including increased levels of low density lipoproteins. Polycystic ovary syndrome can also lead to anxiety, depression and binge-eating. Women with obesity have a
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I was diagnosed at 12 and have been treated for it ever since. Mine came from my grandmother, who had PCOS and ended up having to get a hysterectomy after her second child. I have dealt with the excess body hair, acne and irregular menstrual cycle. I also have hyperinsulinism, but have not been diagnosed with diabetes. I take birth control pills to help with the menstrual problems, metformin to help with the hyperinsulinism and folic acid to help with heart health. I think I can use some of this information in my research paper to add statistics. I also think the side effects, diagnosis and treatments in this article would help define polycystic ovary syndrome in my research
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