Essay about Poor Law

2362 Words Mar 6th, 2007 10 Pages
1. Explain why the New Poor Law Amendment Act (1834) was so controversial.

There were many arguments raised about the poor law amendment act of 1834, this Act was thought to be the most contentious piece of legislation passed during the era of the Whig's. At the time, it was a lot about saving money, the upper class did not want to pay towards the poor law, as they believed they were lazy and unworthy. The taxpayers, and ratepayers believed it to be wrong they should be paying to help the poor. The workhouse system was one of the most inhumane of all time, humiliating and demeaning all the poor people that entered it. When families' entered the workhouse, the husband, wife, and children would be separated from each other, allowing
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Some individuals wanted reform for the use of child labour, trying to get less working hours with an age limit. Seebohm Rowntree, and Charles Booth also called for reform for these poor people, as they were appalled at the atrocious working conditions of these factories, mills, and mines. The individuals, and groups, who fought for these reforms, worked endlessly for many years to achieve a safe environment for these poor people. The owners of these factories and mills had to realise, they could still make a profit, without jeopardizing the lives of the workers through their neglect. Politicians also knew they had to have reform in the factories, with Germany having a much healthier workforce and better working conditions, their production was much higher than ours. They needed educated, healthy workers to get the same standard of work Germany was producing. The first effective, piece of factory legislation was the Factory Act of 1833. These applied to all textile mills, except those making silk and lace;
· No child under nine could be employed.
· Children from nine to thirteen were limited to an eight-hour day, and were to receive at least two hours of education a day.
· Young people from fourteen to eighteen were limited to a twelve hour- day, to be worked between 5.30 a.m. and 8.30 p.m.
· Four inspectors were appointed at an annual
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