Poor Maternal, Neonatal And Child Health

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Introduction In 2015, 303 000 women died due to pregnancy or childbirth-related complications and 5.9 million children died under the age of 5 (WHO, 2016). Furthermore, over 45% of the child deaths occur during the first 28 days of life. The majority of the maternal and child deaths occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Moreover, a child from a poor background in these countries is 56 times more likely not to survive the first 5 years of life (Lassi et al., 2014). The problem of poor maternal, neonatal and child health persists in the majority of LMICs and it largely contributes to higher rates of premature mortality. Preterm birth complications, birth asphyxia, and birth-related trauma, as well as diarrheal diseases, remain to be leading causes of mortality and morbidity in these countries (WHO, 2012). Nevertheless, the majority of maternal and child deaths can be averted using existing knowledge and effective interventions along with sufficient health recourses (Lassi et al., 2014). Despite substantial progress towards reducing the number of these deaths over the past few decades, it is still very slow. It can also be clearly seen that the social and geographical patterns in poor maternal and child health to some extent reflect inequalities between ‘rich’ and ‘poor’, with the majority of the progress in reducing the mortality numbers occurring in wealthy countries (Zere et al., 2012). There is a vast number of interventions available to improve maternal
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