Population Growth And Poverty: Nigeria

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Population growth is one of the biggest issues that the human species can face no matter where it is occurring in the world. For years ever since the 1960’s, the world’s population growth rate has been rapidly increasing and in some cases doubling. With the rapid growth of population come many challenges that people have to face and Nigeria is no exception. Nigeria, a country located in West Africa, is the sixth most populous country in the world with a total population of over 167 million (Rosenthal). The issues that Nigeria goes through as a result of population growth are just a few of the issues that many other populated countries face worldwide. The high rates of unemployment, crime, poverty as well as lack of health and education in…show more content…
So, in order to find a solution to this problem, people began to promote “birth spacing” and not “birth control” meaning that people should only have more kids if they can support a larger family rather than having a large family in poverty (Rosenthal). The high increase of fertility rate that led to poverty was once done because Nigeria was agriculturally based and needed more people for farming. This led to rapid growth and to stop this, family planning was introduced in the 1970s but the money and attention on family planning later averted to Africa’s AIDS problems. Although Nigeria’s replacement fertility rate had decreased, it is still quite high and with an extremely young population, that can cause major problems. According to statistics, “Sub-Saharan Africa, which now accounts for 12 percent of the world's population, will account for more than a third by 2100, by many projections” if the fertility rate was to stay the same (Rosenthal).
Another factor that has arisen due to population growth is lack of health and education. As Ovbiagele has said, frustration from poverty can create problems such as unwanted births, abandonment of children and abortions. The people of Nigeria are making these mistakes of continually having more children because of the fact that they are not educated. Having no education,
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