Population Growth in South Florida and Salt Water Intrusion

1348 Words Jan 31st, 2018 5 Pages
Saltwater intrusion has been one the main contaminant that continues to endanger the Biscayne aquifer. It has occurred as a result of the followings: the over-pumping by wells, the construction of drainage canals, and the lowering of the water table by drought. Ongoing efforts by South Florida water agencies to protect the aquifer from saltwater intrusion include groundwater monitoring, water management and conservation.
The Biscayne Aquifer
An aquifer is defined as underground layers of rock saturated with water that can be brought to the surface through natural springs or by pumping. Named after Biscayne Bay, the Biscayne aquifer is a coastal, unconfined aquifer because its top portion is the water table and it merges with the floor of Biscayne Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. Underlies an area of approximately 4000 square miles, the Biscayne aquifer‘s maps out from the southern tip of the state northwest along a wavy line to south Palm Beach County. The cross-section of the aquifer resembles a wedge and its gets deeper as it gets closer to the eastern coast. The Biscayne aquifer is the primary source of freshwater to most of South Florida (Dade, Broward and part of Palm Beach counties). Furthermore, water from the aquifer is pumped through pipeline to the…

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