va/holy_father/john_xxiii/encyclicals/documents/hf_j-xxiii_enc_11041963_pacem_en.html > ‘Lumen Gentium’, 2003, Vatican.va, viewed 3rd March 2011, <http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html > ‘Populorum Progressio’, 2003, Vatican.va, viewed 3rd March 2011, <http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/paul_vi/encyclicals/documents/hf_p-vi_enc_26031967_populorum_en.html > ‘Caritas in Veritate’, 2003, Vatican.va, viewed 3rd March 2011, <http://www.vatican.
Hence, while the Catholic Church has conventionally affirmed the ownership of property, Pope Paul VI disproves the ownership of land that is not well used or that bring hardship to people (slave labor, exploitation, etc.). In his encyclical, “Populorum Progressio,” released in March of 1967, he stresses that each has the right to basic necessities and “all other rights whatsoever, including those of property and of free commerce are to be subordinated to this principle.” “The justice of a community
Portugal (1967), to Medellin, Colombia (1968), and to Uganda (1969). These encounters with the people of God, their poverty, and their misery profoundly moved Paul VI, as his Wednesday audience reflections attest. In addition, the years since Populorum progressio and Humane vitae had been years of student unrest, violence, war, and genocide; and their pain was not lost on Paul VI.(10) His concern over the Paris student uprisings came out in two letters to the Semaine Sociale in France and in Italy.(11)