Positive Accounting Theory Perspective And Examining A Case Study ' Foster 's : Less Goodwill, Higher Earnings

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In the contemporary studies, it can be seen that the new accounting standard significantly impacts on profits of the firm. Simultaneously, the value of the firm is also affected by the new accounting standard. Secondly, when it is taken to account of the imposition of a particular accounting method, this imposition provides implications for the efficiency of the organization. This essay will clarify those two issues by using a Positive Accounting Theory perspective and examining a case study ‘Foster’s: less goodwill, higher earnings’. Firstly, it is crucial to acknowledge of the Positive Accounting Theory. According to Deegan & Samkin (n.d.), Positive Accounting Theory explains and predicts accounting practice and does not seek to determine particular actions. For instance, which accounting policies will be choosen by firms and how newly proposed accounting standard will be reacted to by firms (Deegan & Samkin n.d.). In the same report, the author claims the first aspect of Positive Accounting Theory, which is “Explanation” means providing reasons for observed practice. For example, positive accounting theory pursues to explain why historical cost accounting continues being used by firms and why convinced firms switch between a numbers of accounting techniques. The second factor, which is “Prediction” indicates that the theory predicts “unobserved phenomena” (Deegan & Samkin n.d.). The author clarifies that this phenomena is not necessarily a future phenomena, they

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