Positive And Negative Impacts Of Behavior

2662 Words Mar 16th, 2015 11 Pages
Abstract Recent research has examined the circumstances under which the usually positive big five trait of conscientiousness has led to higher levels of distress in individuals. Although these effects have been evident in severe forms of failure such as unemployment, this area of personality has yet to be sufficiently explored. The idea of whether the conscientiousness trait is also of hindrance in lower levels of failure is of interest. It is hypothesised that conscientious individuals will have a greater negative affect after a non-severe failure-task than those who are less conscientious. Data is collected qualitatively through self-report questionnaires, measuring conscientiousness with items based on the Behavioural Indicators of …show more content…
Thus, conscientiousness is identified as being a contributory characteristic, having an indirect influence on the well-being of an individual (McCrae & Costa, 1991; DeNeve & Cooper, 1998).
Evident in a study with college students, Furr and Funder (1998) suggest that those with high conscientiousness may only experience short-term effects of life satisfaction. Additionally, correlations between conscientiousness and life satisfaction were found to be between 0.2 and 0.3 (Furr & Funder, 1998; Steel, Schmidt, & Shultz, 2008). However, despite diffident positive correlations, due to the indirect effect of conscientiousness in different areas, the positive long-term effects on life satisfaction and SWB are plausible (McCrae & Costa, 1991; DeNeve & Cooper, 1998; Steel et al., 2008). Many successes and positive outcomes in important life areas such as academic and job achievement, marital longevity, and health related outcomes rely on the possession of this trait (Ashton, 2013; Boyce, Wood & Brown, 2010; Kern & Friedman, 2008; Terracciano et al., 2008).
Nevertheless, recent research has discredited claims in which conscientiousness is solely seen as a positive trait across all situations. Thus supports the theories that suggest the outcomes of traits are situationally contingent rather than fundamentally
Open Document