Positive Aspects of Globalization Essay

1843 Words 8 Pages
Introduction During the last decade of the twentieth century, the word ‘globalization’ has become an increasingly prominent feature of political, social, and economic discussion in academic and policymaking circles, as well as in the media. The processes and outcomes of globalization drew attention and debates that had one thing in common. The research shows that nearly everyone agrees that globalization is a trend that is changing the face of the world, and as a result the world society lives in a more ‘globalized’ world. Nearly two and a half decades passed since 1990s, and studies have been conducted to examine the causes and consequences of globalization. Moreover, nearly every person experiences some type of globalization and can …show more content…
Barrie Axford, in his book Theories of Globalization (2013) categorized globalization theories according to the perspective used for creating frameworks for explaining the phenomenon and divided theories into groups that view globalization through the frameworks of space, culture, communication, history, capitalism and economy, political science and governance, geography, and anthropology. Therefore, there is a wealth of perspectives that help to examine globalization and its impact. Lechner (2001) divided theories according to the nature of globalization processes and offered three broad categories: (a) world-system theory (economic drivers of globalization), (b) world policy theory (political and legal drivers of globalization); (c) world culture theory (culture and communication as globalization drivers).
In Robinson’s (2004) work A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class, and State in a Transnational State does not provide an organized classification of globalization theories. He presents a variety of theories that explain different aspects of globalization from the standpoints of Marxism, postmodernism, functionalism and involve distinct approaches such as cultural, international relations, post-colonial studies, etc. The author purposely does not provide classification of globalization theories since, in his opinion; most theories draw on traditions and contributions of multiple disciplines and have an interdisciplinary character. Robinson (2004)