Positive Impact Of The Kangaroo Care

3425 WordsNov 16, 201414 Pages
Positive Impact of Kangaroo Care in NICU Infants Introduction Special care and attention must be given to infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) because of their small size and the health complications they face. One particular challenge faced by health care professionals in the NICU is the management of pain for preterm babies. Preterm infants must undergo a wide range of tests, procedures, and, often, life-saving measures during their hospitalizations, which not only subjects them to pain, but pain-related stress and anxiety. This has an impact on the infants themselves, as well as on the family members and friends who are involved in their care (Smith, Steelfisher, Salhi, & Shen, 2012). The purpose of this paper is to examine the problem of pain management among preterm NICU patients and propose the implementation of kangaroo care as a pain management technique. Background The pain that the infants experience has a significant and lasting impact. In addition to the acute pain and stress experienced while in the NICU, there are lasting effects of these procedures for the patients. According to Grunau, et al. (2013): Infants born very preterm are exposed to considerable procedural pain-related stress during weeks to months of life-saving procedures during hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit, that appears to impact the HPA axis long after NICU discharge. Importantly, the neuroendocrine system, the immune system and the central nervous system are

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