Positive and Negative Effects of Tourism in Africa

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The effects of tourism in Africa
Ever since the ability to travel over vast amounts of distances around the world became easier with the use of innovative marvels such as the aeroplane, tourism started to grow in certain countries that had enough places of interest. Africa offered much that cannot be seen anywhere else in the world; from the ancient pyramids of Giza to the spectacular wildlife migration in the Serengeti. Tourist from around the world would pay a lot of money to see and be a part of this almost untouched beauty. Thus tourism in Africa started to grow and became one of the most important sources of income for many countries. But the dilemma that we know face is whether tourism offers more benefits to the society to overcome
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Social effects of tourism have an impact on the society of a certain area and focuses on their wellbeing. We live in a world where people must be able to keep with the modern world in order to survive and obtain an income, forcing a loss in certain traditions and culture. But tourism encourages people in rural areas to keep their traditions and embrace their culture. For example, the arts and crafts made by the Ndebele tribe in South Africa as a symbol of their culture can be sold to tourists.
Tourists also pay money to be guests of these primitive tribes in Africa. This creates a better understanding and awareness between various kinds of cultures. The negative aspect of tourism on a society is over congestion in certain areas where there is not enough recourses for the people in that area. This mainly affects the life-quality of the local population. Prostitution which is an easy source of income may increase in order to satisfy some tourists’ needs, for example in the 2010 Fifa World Cup hosted in South Africa, prostitution increased during that period of time. Drug and alcohol abuse may also increase the crime in communities. A society may also be harmed when their land are being stripped away in order to build hotels and accommodation for the tourism industry.
The largest and most significant negative effect of tourism is its impact on the
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