Post Dramatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

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Post dramatic stress disorder or PTSD is an anxiety disorder caused by very, frightening, stressful or distressing events. People with PTSD can often relive traumatic events through nightmares and flashbacks, and can feel, irritable, isolated and guilty. Some may also have problems with sleeping, for instance insomnia and find concentrating difficult. In the context of the impact on a person, this essay explores the question of what are the causes and effects of post dramatic stress disorder, and are we treating it successfully. My key conclusion is that with scientific studies providing a more clear idea of what PTSD is and how to understand it and its consequences and how to effectively deal with it, the treatments being used will…show more content…
The malfunctioning hippocampus may be preventing flashbacks and nightmares from being completely processed, so the anxiety they create doesn 't reduce over time. In a study, carried out by Scientific Council Member Yvette I. Sheline, MD looking at women with PTSD only, the research team found that for both disorders, more severe depression symptoms meant fewer connections between different brain regions and the amygdala. The amygdala is part of the brain that has been found to be crucial for integrating emotional experiences. Also the study found there were fewer connections between the ventromedial prefrontral cortex, a part of the brain related with fear-based and social parts of decision making, and the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex, known to regulate brain areas, especially those used for processing sadness. A study by University of Wisconsin-Madison neuroscientists has been able to show that stress chemicals can reshape the brains of rodents. The model delineates the chemical steps that occur after trauma in the brain, and that these steps lead to the distinct features of PTSD. Also Dr John Briere alongside W.E. Krill, Jr, have published a book called ‘The Gentling Workbook for Teen and Adult Survivors of Child Abuse’ that discusses the possibility that the hormone cortisol plays a role in producing the symptoms of PTSD. The hormone is produced in the adrenal gland and it can sometimes be referred to as the ‘stress hormone’
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