Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

1004 Words5 Pages
The current criteria of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder has changed since the DSM-IV. In the DSM-V, the diagnostic criteria draws a clearer line when detailing what establishes a traumatic event. The DSM-V pays more attention to the behavioral symptoms that accompany PTSD and proposes four distinct diagnostic clusters instead of three. They are described as re-experiencing, avoidance, negative cognitions and mood, and arousal. Re-experiencing is the spontaneous memories of the traumatic event, recurrent dreams related to it, flashbacks or other intense psychological distress. Avoidance refers to distressing memories, thoughts, feelings or external reminders of the event. Negative cognitions and moods represent endless feelings from a…show more content…
People with PTSD are at much greater risk for developing other anxiety disorders, depression, eating disorders, and substance use disorders. In addition to mental health problems, people with PTSD are also 6 times as likely as someone without PTSD to attempt suicide. People with PTSD also seem to be at greater risk for a number of physical health problems, including pain, diabetes,obesity, heart problems, respiratory problems, and sexual dysfunction. PTSD can also interfere with a person's ability to work and maintain relationships. People with PTSD miss more days at work and work less efficiently than people without PTSD. Certain symptoms of PTSD, such as having a hard time concentrating and problems with sleeping, may make it difficult for a person with PTSD to pay attention at work, stay organized, or even make it to work on time. It has been found that people with PTSD may be more likely to not make it through high school or college. In addition, people with PTSD are more likely to have problems in their marriage than people without PTSD. Partners of people with PTSD are faced with a number of stressors that go along with caring for and living with someone with a chronic disease. These stressors are financial strain, managing the person's symptoms, dealing with crises, loss of friends, or loss of intimacy. These stressors can have a major negative impact on a relationship.
Today, there are many treatments available for PTSD. Cognitive
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