Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1552 Words Aug 11th, 2014 7 Pages
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a psychological illness in which people repeatedly remember relive, or dream about a terrible experience” (“Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder” 710). Explanations of PTSD mainly focus on the way the mind is affected by traumatic experiences. The mind is unable to process information and emotions properly when one is faced with overwhelming trauma (Cohen Web). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder changes the body’s response to stress by affecting the stress hormones and chemicals that deliver information between the nerves (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Web). The “fight-or-flight” response is damaged in a person with PTSD. They are constantly feeling stressed or freighted …show more content…
In addition, Exposure therapy exposes the survivor to aspects of the trauma so they can re-experience the feelings and fears that overwhelm them. By doing this in the safe surrounding of a therapist’s office patients can face their fears and gain control of their emotions so the trauma is no longer as stressful. The patient is exposed to the traumatic event repeatedly and carefully. They may orally tell their experience, listen to someone else recite the event in the order they happened, or be shown detailed images of the event (Thomas 56). Another form of talk therapies is Group therapy. Group therapy is when a survivor can meet with others who have experienced the same type of trauma (Thomas 53). In addition to talk therapies, there are other forms of therapy available. One of these therapies is Stress Inoculation Training (SIT). This therapy trains the patient how to manage the anxiety that they encounter. It teaches the patient how to relax their muscles and control their breathing during stressful times. Practicing thought stopping allows the patient to block intrusive thoughts and nagging anxieties (Thomas 59). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is a form of
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therapy in which the patient is asked to recall the event. As the patient recalls the event, the therapist moves his finger from left to right and back again. The patient follows the therapists finger with his eyes. During this process the patient is told to replace the negative

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