Post Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) In 2001, the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey Replication estimated the lifetime prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among adult Americans to be 6.8% The lifetime prevalence of PTSD among men is 3.6% and among women 9.7%. Post-Traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD, is a psychological disorder that develops after a person has experienced or seen a shocking or dangerous event. Feeling afraid during a traumatic event is normal. Our natural “fight-or-flight” response is triggered and physical changes in the body occur in order to help us avoid harm. Nearly everyone will experience some response to a traumatic event, but most people will recover from the symptoms of fear naturally.…show more content…
In order to be diagnosed with PTSD an adult must display certain types of symptoms. They must have a re-experiencing symptom, an avoidance symptom, two or more arousal and reactivity symptoms, and two or more cognition and mood symptoms for at least one month. All of these types of symptoms Re-experiencing symptoms include flashbacks, bad dreams, and frightening thoughts. These symptoms start from the person’s thoughts and feelings, but words, objects, and situations can remind them of the event and trigger re-experiencing symptoms. Eventually these symptoms begin to disrupt the person’s daily routine. Avoidance symptoms include staying away from places, events, or objects that are reminders of the traumatic experience, feeling emotionally numb, feeling strong guilt, depression, or worry, losing interest in activities that were enjoyable in the past, or having trouble remembering the event. Avoidance symptoms are often triggered by things that remind a person of the traumatic event. So a person may change their routine in order to avoid those things. For example, a person who was attacked by a dog may avoid parks and other places where dogs may be. Arousal and reactivity symptoms include being easily startled, feeling tense or “on edge”, having difficulty sleeping, and having angry outbursts. These
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