Post Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

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A Review of the Literature Introduction Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), is a silent assassin in which those around the victim have no idea what is taking place within their minds. Only those closest to the person recognize that there is something wrong. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders diagnoses PTSD as persistent re-experiencing of the trauma, efforts to avoid triggers related to the trauma, and hyperarousal or increased reactivity (Reddy, 2014). PTSD is associated with exposure to a traumatic event and in some cases, symptoms of the disorder can take months or years to appear and even longer for the individual to seek help. PTSD is a very common occurrence in veterans, especially veterans who engaged in…show more content…
This review of available literature will evaluate the two main forms of treatment as well as risk factors and typical barriers to care and innovations in the field of care. Risk Factors Typical risk factors that are thought to produce a higher likelihood of developing PTSD leading to also having a dependence on alcohol over a lifetime may include some form of abuse or trauma during childhood. Additionally, recent research has suggested that gender has an influence on the development of PTSD and alcohol use disorders (AUD). In an article written by the Journal of Women’s Health, it attributes a higher PTSD rate in female veterans to a higher likelihood of sexual abuse/assault during their service (Maguen et al., 2012). This factor, along with the potential for being a part of a traumatic combat event, has caused the number of female veterans diagnosed with PTSD to surge past that of their male counterparts. Additionally, in this study, it was found that females were less likely to seek out treatment for their PTSD symptoms than males. Females in this study also reported two times the number of barriers of access to care than men did (Maguen et al., 2012). An article published in The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine had similar findings. They stated that 27% of female veterans met criteria for PTSD, whereas only 20% of male veterans met the same criteria (Reddy et al., 2014).
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