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Postmenopause Women

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Peri and post-menopause women experience a wide range of menopause symptoms, and their lifestyle patterns and physical, psychological, social and spiritual adaptation directly affecting elderly health improvement are considered crucial. Many middle-aged women worry about losing their womanhood and attractiveness after menopause and may suffer from the physical symptoms of menopause. Women facing postmenopausal changes may experience a sense of richer life by looking at life in a positive perspective as an opportunity. Since postmenopausal women at midlife experience, various problems, and difficulty in adapting to climacteric changes have a direct effect on elderly women's health, health-promoting lifestyle patterns and psychological adaptation have been considered as important issues (Noroozi E, et al. 2013).
One-third of women approaching menopause have no symptoms. One-third has mild
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Vasomotor symptoms are episodes of profuse heat accompanied by sweating and flushing, experienced predominantly around the head, neck, chest, and upper back. These are experienced by the majority of women during the menopausal transition. In Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN), 60-80% of women experience vasomotor symptoms at some point during the menopausal transition, with prevalence rates varying by racial/ethnic group (Gold EB et al. 2006). Research from SWAN indicates that the occurrence and frequency of vasomotor symptoms peak in the late perimenopause and early post-menopausal years (Dennerstein L,1996) or the several years surrounding the final menstrual period. Reproductive hormones likely play an integral role, as evidenced by the onset of vasomotor symptoms occurring in the context of the dramatic reproductive hormone changes of the menopausal transition and by the therapeutic role of exogenous estrogen in their treatment (Randolph JF, et al.
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