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Postpartum Depression Family Health

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The birth of a child is thought to be one of the happiest events that can occur in a family (Lowdermilk, Perry, Cashion, & Alden, 2016). Yet, for some the period after childbirth becomes a struggle to survive (Kaakinen, Coehlo, Steele, Tabacco, & Hansen, 2015). It is estimated that 15% of new mothers develop postpartum depression (PPD) (Lowdermilk, 2016). Most feel that PPD only affects the mother. As a result, the consequences to the family have largely been overlooked (Kaakinen et al., 2015). Therefore this paper will explore the effects that postpartum depression (PPD) has on the family and how nursing can promote strategies to improve family health by utilizing the family systems theory.
PPD is a behavioural disorder after the birth
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The family systems theory is a process that views the family as a dynamic and interactive system (Kaakinen et al., 2015). The system is composed of subsystems which interact and respond to the internal and external environments. The goal of the system is to achieve and maintain stability (Kaakinen et al., 2015). Stability is achieved through adaptive behaviour (Kaakinen et al., 2015). However, if maladaptive behaviour occurs the system can become…show more content…
The first concept establishes that all parts of the system are interconnected (Kaakinen et al., 2015). Therefore, if one part of the system experiences a problem then the entire system will be affected. The second and third concepts are an extension of the first. The theory also recognizes that the larger system is composed of smaller subsystems (Kaakinen et al., 2015). However, the entire system is more complex than simply adding all the subsystems together. The final concept states the system has boundaries with internal and external environments (Kaakinen et al.,
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