Posttraumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that may occur in some people following a traumatic event. PTSD and depression often coexist due to the similar characteristics of PTSD and depression as well as the nature of a traumatic event inducing PTSD as well as depressive symptoms per DSM-5 guidelines. PTSD has been noted to coexist with diabetes as well in several research studies. The etiology, prevalence, and symptoms of PTSD, depression and PTSD associated with Type 2 diabetes will be presented. Research evidence of PTSD and the association of diabetes as well as integrative therapy will be discussed. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Diabetes Posttraumatic stress disorders are the result…show more content…
The DSM 5 criteria for diagnosis of PTSD for children over age 6 and adults includes exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violence by directly experiencing a traumatic event, witnessing the traumatic event, learning of the traumatic event occurring to a close family member or friend or experiencing exposure to aversive details of a traumatic event not media related unless job related (Sadock, Sadock & Ruiz, 2015). The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, (2014) concludes the following for diagnosis per the DSM-5 criteria: Diagnostic criteria for PTSD includes a history of exposure to a traumatic event that meets specific stipulations and symptoms from each of the four symptom clusters included in the DSM-5: intrusion, avoidance, negative alterations in cognition and mood, and alterations in arousal and activity. The sixth criterion concerns duration of symptoms; the seventh assesses functioning; and, the eighth criterion clarifies symptoms as not attributable to a substance or co-occurring medical condition. Etiology of PTSD The etiology of PTSD includes a stressor or traumatic event, as a causative factor of PTSD, which does not guarantee PTSD will occur as many people deal with stressful life events differently. Factors increasing the risk of developing PTSD include the presence of childhood trauma, a personality disorder diagnosis, a poor support system, female gender,
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