Essay about Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans

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This study is significant because it is the first national study of VA non-mental health medical service utilization in veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. The findings are important because in the population studied the soldiers who were found to have mental health issues used all types of non-mental health services than those with no diagnosis. Veterans diagnosed with PTSD had the greatest utilization in all service categories. One million of the service men and women who have returned from war zones in Iraq and Afghanistan have been diagnosed with the disorder. Prior research on this topic has revealed that returning war veterans are at a higher risk for developing mental disorders than any other group in the united states.…show more content…
The most prevalent disorder among the group with disorders was PTSD. Researchers used a wide variety of research instruments to compile their data. They mainly used ICD9-CM codes to classify the veteran mental health status. They compared their findings to more traditional “outpatient non mental health services, primary care, medical subspecialty, ancillary services, laboratory tests/diagnostic procedures, emergency services,and hospitalizations during veterans’ first year in VA care.” (Cohen, etal, 2009). These findings were adjusted based on the demographics and the characteristic of the VA facility where the study was administered. Researches also utilized other forms of data collection, for example, the researchers in this study used, “Scrambled social security numbers were used to link OEF/OIF Roster data to VA clinical data contained in the VA National Patient Care Database (NPCD) through March 31, 2008.” (Cohen, etal, 2009). The data contained in the national database consisted of outpatient and inpatient visits, this included the time and date the visit occurred, using the code system to classify the visit, and the diagnoses which were associated with the visit. Three groups were utilized in this study these included, “ those with no mental health diagnoses, those with mental health diagnoses other than PTSD (290.0–319.0, excluding 309.81), and those with PTSD (309.81) and co-morbid mental health diagnoses.” (Cohen, etal, 2009). These groups were followed
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