Postural Fitness Tests : A Fitness Screening Tool

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Postural Fitness Tests: (In Order)
1. FMS (Functional Movement Screening): FMS is a fitness screening tool used to identify movement asymmetric or major limitations in functional movement patterns (Cook, Burton, & Fields, 2016). If athletes have a low movement quality and or muscle imbalances, then it is more likely they are compensating and are at a higher risk of injury. It consists of 7 tests that focus on the basic function, mobility, and stability. The 7 tests include: o Deep Squat
 Procedure: The individual assumes the starting position by placing his/her feet approximately shoulder width apart with the feet aligned in the sagittal plane. The individual then adjusts their hands on the dowel to assume a 90-degree angle of the elbows
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The individual is then asked to place the end of their heel on the end of the board. The previous tibia measurement is then applied from the end of the toes of the foot on the board and a mark is made. The dowel is placed behind the back, touching the head, thoracic spine and sacrum. The hand opposite to the front foot should be the hand grasping the dowel at the cervical spine. The other hand grasps the dowel at the lumbar spine. The individual then steps out on the board placing the heel of the opposite foot at the indicated mark on the board. The individual then lowers the back knee enough to touch the board behind the heel of the front foot and then returns to starting position. The lunge is performed three times bilaterally in a slow, controlled fashion. If one repetition is completed successfully, then a three is given (Cook, Burton, & Fields, 2016). o Shoulder Mobility
 Procedure: The tester first determines the hand length by measuring the distance from the distal wrist crease to the tip of the third digit. The individual begins standing with feet together, and remains in this position throughout the test. The individual is instructed to make a fist with each hand, placing the thumb inside the fist. They are then asked to try and touch their hands along their back. During the test the hands should remain in a fist and they should be placed on the back in one smooth motion. The tester then measures the distance between the two closest bony
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