Potential Energy In Cellular Respiration

Decent Essays

Cellular respiration is creating ATP from ADP and a phosphate inorganic using the energy which was released from breaking apart glucose. The equation that summarizes this process is (ADP + Pi) + C6H12O6 +6O2 → 6H2O + 6CO2 + heat + (ATP). ATP is made up of a sugar ribose, 3 phosphate groups, and adenine. ATP is the energy used to complete processes in the body. ATP also has a very high potential energy because of its phosphate groups. Potential energy has to do with energy due to location. For example, a person on a diving board has a higher potential energy than a person already in the water. This is because the girl on the diving board has more potential to fall or convert the potential energy into kinetic energy by using her location to power her fall. The ATP has higher potential energy because its phosphate groups have oxygen ions. The negatively charged oxygen ions repel each other and do not want to be near to one another. Because of this, if the third phosphate group was to break off of the ATP molecule, an amount of energy would be released, lowering the potential energy. This is why ATP has such a high energy and is used for so many processes. The ATP would become ADP with a phosphate group becoming inorganic and would release energy.
The first part of cellular respiration is glycolysis where energy is spent to break a glucose molecule down into two pyruvate molecules. A glucose molecule comes from your food and has 6 carbons on it. Glycolysis partially breaks

Get Access