12,000 years ago, one of the earliest uses of the wheel was for pottery. The Mesopotamians would use wheels to create pots much more efficiently. Once humans
Ceramic making is still a popular tradition today in the Americas, especially on Native Indian Reservations, like in Western, North Carolina. The use of ceramics, however, is quite different than the way it was used by the natives during the Middle Woodland Period. Today, pottery is mainly made for decoration or art purposes by modern day Americans, but according to Wallis (2011), about 3,000 years ago the use of pottery became a very common use and practiced tradition among the native people who lived during that time period. The Swift Creek culture and the Cherokee Indians had very similar methods in formulating ceramics. The archaeological findings of these artifacts states that one group had been more advanced designs on their vessels. This reason is most likely because of the materials that one group was able to access in their area that the other group did not have available. One group was also more traditional and spiritual in making their vessels, which caused them to create more complex designs and methods while designing their ceramics (Block 2005). By looking at the similarities of both groups pottery styles, archaeologists were able to determine the minor but very distinctive differences, that one group processed in their art, than the other. By comparing each group’s ceramics by looking at
The Han and Roman civilizations both took a deep pride in their technological breakthroughs as it made their people’s lives easier by decreasing the time and labor it took to complete a job. Document 2, talks about the creation of the pestle and the mortar by, Huan Tan. The pestle and mortar were tools
The Industrial Revolution was an age of mechanization—businesses were moving away from completing tasks by hand, and instead were moving towards utilizing specialized equipment. Many of these machines were, as stated by Deborah Simonton in her book A History of European Women’s Work, “built to be operated by people with the hands, height, and weight of an average male (144 Simonton).” Spinning was one such occupation that was mechanized, and in her book Gender, Work, and Wages in the Industrial Revolution, Joyce Burnett states that “…before the arrival of machinery, spinning… employ[ed] all the women in certain areas. What had been a valued skill for most women suddenly became worthless as the jenny, water frame, and mule replaced hand spinning” (122 Burnette). Women who had once been employed were forced from their work as machines took over that were only operable by men, and this often left them without adequate means to support themselves or their families.
Native American is the most widespread art developed of basketry. Basketry is weaving or sewing pliable materials into two- or three dimensional artifacts, like mats or containers. Craftspeople and artists specialised in making baskets are usually referred to as basket makers and basket weavers.The oldest known baskets have been carbon dated to between 10,000 and 12,000 years old, earlier than any established dates for archaeological finds of pottery, and were discovered in Fayum in upper Egypt. Other baskets have been discovered in the Middle East that are up to 7,000 years old. They traditionally make their baskets from the materials available locally. Arctic and Subarctic tribes use sea grasses for basketry. "Coiled" basketry, using grasses and rushes.”
The history of woodturning goes back to before the third century (“Brief”) It is proven that the Etruscans were the developers of wood turning. “Tomb of the Warrior” is where the first piece of turned wood found in that area (“Brief”). The Etruscans were not the only people using the lathe in this time period (“Brief”). A bowl is the oldest artifact that has been discovered (“Brief”) The bowl was discovered before the sixth century (“Brief”) Throughout the years the lathe has been advanced. The earliest making of the lathe is from a known Egyptian wall relief carved in stone in the tomb of Petosiris dated some 300 BC (“King”). Middle Eastern and eastern lathes of this type was operated at ground level by two men (“King”). One person provides the power by pulling backwards and forwards on a cord or leather strap wrapped around the object while the turner sits on the opposite side with his
In 3500 BC a wooden cylinder was connected to a stable; this contraption is called a wheel. This made it easier to haul farming equipment from one field to another. Only men used the invention because women were never out in the field (Revolutionary). The only form of transportation until the year of 1769 was train, horse and carriage, then, the first car was invented. “Nicolas Joseph Cugnot was a French military engineer and built the car for hauling auxiliary” (II history). The maximum speed of the 8,000 pound car was two miles per hour, carried four passengers and ran out of gas in about fifteen minutes (history staff). This car was very expensive, the few men that owned them were the only people to drive them. Women were thought to have
pottery, characteristic of an earlier time or cultural stage, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation. For this analysis paper, this paper will start out identifying the artifact that is meaningful and summarize that scene back in my days with the artifact that I have discovered and then from there will start examine the analysis about an artifact from a popular culture using any ethical theories that I’ve learned this whole semester.
The dawn of stone tools dates back some 2.6 million years to Gona in Ethiopia. Known as the Oldowan, these include not just fist-sized hunks of rock for pounding, but also the first known manufacture of stone tools — sharp flakes created by knapping, or striking a hard stone against quartz, obsidian, flint or any other rock whose flakes can hold an edge. At this time are also the oldest known butchered animal bones.
In the Neolithic Period, 8000 BC, tools and metal weaponry like smelting and casting were being brought about. This immensely improved how impactful weaponry was. After metalworking got introduced, the people could protect themselves in a more efficient way. Bricks were another form of technological advancement during the Neolithic Period. “In their simplest form (still familiar today in many hot regions), bricks are shaped by pressing mud or clay into a mould. The damp blocks are then left to bake hard in the sun. Bricks of this kind are known in Jericho from about 8000 BC.” Spinning along with and knitting also was invented during this time and it was one of the first cultural aspects brought about. It was one of the first jobs classified
“Let us not forget, after all, that there is always a moment when the moral choice is made. Often because of one story or one book or one person, we are able to make a different choice, a choice for humanity, for life” (Elie Wiesel). One book series that is extremely influential and delves into the topic of ethics and being a thoughtful citizen is the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. Furthermore, the Harry Potter books teaches a person to overcome their own fears, and there is always hope.
The Indus Valley Civilization was an early civilization between 3000 B.C to 15000 B.C and as the civilization collapsed, archaeologist found a 3-D figurine of a man on a structure with wheels, attached to two animal like figures. The artifact reflects on innovation used by this society by the use of the wheel. As the wheel was first invented, it was mainly used as a “potter wheel” just to shape and mold ceramic ware and they innovated from that idea of a wheel, to a transportation device as shown in the artifact. Also, the artifact teaches us about a belief in this society by displaying they believed in efficiency. The man was transporting on wheels and with the help of animals to make it easier and faster for travelling. Another thing that
In the history, the first conception of materials appeared in 1865. It was a book named “Prehistoric Times” (by John Lubbock). And also, he mentioned three-age system in material history. They are The Stone Age, The Bronze Age and The Iron Age respectively. The reason why archaeologists called these durations those name is the people who live in that period used different kinds of materials to make different generation of tools. According to John’s book, The Stone Age is divided into Beginning Of The Stone Age and End Of The Stone Age. (Source - ?) The oldest evidence of stone tool found use in fossilised animals bones, in the Lower Awash Valley until now there are 3.4 million years ago. Same as The Stone Age, the first tool found and made by materials of bronze is the symbol of starting The Bronze Age. But the interesting phenomenon is that in the world, there are various areas’ people established industry of smelting bronze almost during a millennia, in particular, China is the earliest country found using bronze container named “ding” in the Majiayao culture site (between 3100 and 2700 BC.  What’s more, meteoric iron appeared in people’s view since at least 3200 BC, but people extended the technique of smelting bronze, using carbon or tin to make alloy, and they used this skill in iron properly between around 1200 BC and 600 BC, depending on the region.That is origin of The Iron Age. Furthermore, not only iron, copper and stone, we can find