Poverty Among Teenage Mothers and The Child’s Outcome Essay

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Many studies have shown that teenage mothers and their child have a high risk of living in poverty, due to not completing high school, being a single parent and their lack of knowledge and readiness to raise a child because of unplanned pregnancies. Children born of teenage mothers are at a higher risk maltreatment and poor performance in school. In addition, many studies have also shown that teenage pregnancies and poverty have an effect on their child’s development.
Teenage pregnancy and the road to poverty
Poverty is a major problem most teenage mother’s experience. “Between 2009 and 2010, roughly 48 percent of all mothers age 15 to 19 lived below the poverty line. Teenage mothers that live with their parents were somewhat better
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“About 24 percent of teen mothers reported receiving a form of child support. However, among those who did receive child support, they only got on averaged about $2,000 per year. In addition, children who live apart from their fathers are more than three times as likely to be poor than children living with both parents to¬gether” (Stewart Ng and Kaye, 2012b, p. 5). Many studies have shown, families are better off when they are supported by two incomes.
Briefly, Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (2008), points out “the poverty rate for children born to teenage mothers who never married and who did not graduate from high school is 78%, compared to 9% of children born to women over age 20 who are currently married and did graduate from high school. So, about two-thirds of families begun by young, unmarried mothers are poor.” Because of the high poverty rate in teen mothers, they are more likely to end up on public assistance, “compared to mothers just ten years older, teen mothers are almost three times as likely to require some sort of public assistance”. By waiting only a few more years they can reduce their odds of living in poverty by about 20%.” (p.8)

Outcomes of the child
As mentioned before, teenage mothers are likely to live in poverty, being a single parents and lack knowledge to raise a child. As stated by Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (2008), “children of teenage mothers are less likely to receive proper nutrition, health care
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