Poverty And Hygiene Within African Countries

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In the countryside of many African countries, there is a lack of sanitation and an increasing rate of desertification. The lack of sanitation in Africa is increasing as people have nowhere to take their waste. Therefore they just dump it on the street and this affects sanitation and hygiene within African countries. Many of these places are called slums and they are full of tiny unhygienic homes that are falling apart and they are inhabited by really poor and ill people. These slums can be located on the edge of cities as this is where they thrive. There are hardly any opportunities in slums and jobs are virtually impossible to find. There is basically no proper education, no shops, no health care and no clean water supply. Therefore people move and we call this push factors. They move because of famine, drought, natural disasters, education, healthcare and many more points, which can be viewed below (source). Desertification is also making Africa 's soil conditions very bad and this problem is slowly worsening. This means that farmers have to take their animals to a good piece of land and it means that they do not have enough to sell. At the moment, millions of people are moving from rural life in Africa to urban. For example, 325 million people live in urban settlements in sub-Saharan Africa and in the next few decades it will reach one 1 billion. This is due to urban migration. The proportion of Kenyans living in urban settlements has also gone down from 34% in 2001 to

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