Poverty And Improving Socioeconomic Wellbeing

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Access to energy is unequivocally one of the determining factors in eradicating poverty and improving socioeconomic wellbeing. On the other hand, unsustainable energy consumption has been one of the main causes leading to climate change, the depletion of natural resources, and the associated environmental damages. In an attempt to optimize the beneficial aspects of energy consumption and mitigate its undesirable effects, the United Nations included “Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all” as one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). While goals are simply aspirational, in order to translate them into an achievable reality, targets must be set out that have the ability of adequately measuring the…show more content…
Are the targets currently measured? The targets for the SDG 7 are currently being measured through the Global Tracking Framework (GTF) implemented by the UN’s Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative. The first GTF produced in 2013 focused specifically on providing a monitoring system for SE4ALL’s objectives by collecting data from 180 countries on energy efficiency, energy access, energy consumption, action towards renewable energy and the various policy measures being undertaken by different countries (SE4ALL Summary Report iv). Because of the close relationship between SE4ALL’s objectives and the targets corresponding with SDG7, indicators measuring the achievement of these targets already exist. The indicators associated with target 7.1 used in the 2013 GTF included the “percentage of the population with an electricity connection” and the “percentage of the population with primary reliance on non-solid fuels (%)”. The indicator associated with target 7.2 was the “percentage of total final consumption of energy from renewable sources” and for target 7.3 was the “compound annual growth rate of total primary energy supply to gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP)” (SE4ALL Summary Report 3). After collecting data from more than 180 countries, which account for more than 95% of the population, The GTF of 2013, based on these indicators, established a baseline
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