When the Nazi’s were raiding the ghetto they were killing the sick and shooting people who were trying to run away. They threw away our luggage and forced us on trains that went to labor camps. We were forced to work and were killed if we stopped working. If we were sick we were shipped off and killed. They would line us up and shoot us to save bullets. If we tried to talk to a soldier to complain we would be killed right on the spot. As I am writing this they are rounding up to be checked to make sure that we are hea *insert blood stain here*
In the article The Construction of the Ghetto by Massey and Denton, there are several policies and practices that still has its effect on racial structure today. Among the several practices and policies are the Government Issue (GI) Bill for veterans and housing loans. At a political view, the GI Bill for veterans helped them buy houses at a lower price due to their contribution in the war. Since White veterans have the GI Bill, they moved out to the suburbs during 1940-1970, which was during the time of suburbanization. Because Black veterans did not receive the GI Bill, they were unable to move out and buy houses. This effect is still present today, considering that in the statistics, Blacks are less likely than Whites to own houses.
Everyone wants to be a part of the streets but not everyone has the heart, dedication, or strength to live the lifestyle. There is a law of ethics when running around in the streets. There are rules that one always has to follow in order to survive. There is no love when dealing with those that follow the code, ones heart has to be made coal because anything can happen and anything goes. Out there in the streets you are a family that continuously looks out for each other and let nothing separate the bond that you have on the streets. In this paper I will discuss what the code of the street is and what is consist of, also residential segregation and how it hold those in the streets back from achieving success.
In the book, Gang Leader for a Day, a rogue sociologist passionately dives into the lives of one of Chicago’s toughest housing projects in an attempt to develop an insight as to how the urban impoverished lived. Throughout the text it becomes clear that a conflict paradigm is being reflected. A conflict society is based on social inequality, in which some individuals benefit and thrive more than others, which tends to lead to conflict and thus change. This is evident both in the housing projects where a gang known as the “Black Kings” take over and also in the surrounding neighborhoods where the more elite citizens, including persons from the authors university, shy away from associating with the nearby poor black nearby public, thus
In Justice, Deviance, and the Dark Ghetto, Shelby argues that the urban poor’s refusal to work in legitimate jobs or engagement in criminal activity is justified as it does not violate the principle of reciprocity or neglect civic obligations. Shelby’s arguments focuses on determining whether or not deviant behavior is reasonable from the perspective of justice and reciprocity in society. This principle of reciprocity is derived from Rawl’s doctrines such as the basic structure of society and justice as fairness. In this paper, I will reconstruct Shelby’s argument that deviant behavior does not necessarily violate an individual’s civic obligations. I will argue that Shelby’s dichotomy of moral and civic obligations is arbitrarily defined
Tommie Shelby is an American philosopher and a professor of African American studies at Harvard University. In his article “Justice, Deviance, and the Dark Ghetto” Shelby discusses poor, black neighborhoods that have persisted in America for decades due to few public policy efforts to make things better. In his article Shelby brings up two approaches to this dilemma that he opposes. The first is the personal responsibility approach which appeals to American values of hard work and ultimately places blame on the poor rather than the government or society. The Technocratic approach on the other hand does the opposite. It blames the government for failing to fix the social conditions of the poor and refuses to blame the poor themselves even if they have done actions that have not necessarily improved their well-being. Shelby’s approach is a mix between the two. He says that we cannot blame the poor if the injustice of our society has changed the content of their obligations and thus making their behavior reasonable due to the unfair conditions they were subjected to. In other words they are a product of their environment. Shelby wants to get his point across that the existence of ghettos today is evidence that our society impaired by structural injustices and that the ghetto is not only the problem of those living in it, but all of ours.
Contrary to popular belief, the use of ghettos began long before Hitler came to power in the early 1930s. On March 29th, 1516, the Republic of Venice ordered the Jewish population to live in the confined area of Ghetto Nuova. Ghetto Nuova was a filthy, crowded island that confined the Jewish population by closing the island off at night and surrounding it with patrols. During this era, Jewish people also faced discrimination, as they were ordered to wear a sign of identification such as a yellow hat or badge (“The Ghetto”). Furthermore, this discrimination and persecution of the Jewish people dispersed to other areas. In 1555, Pope Paul IV established Cum nimis absurdum, a papal law, that led to the creation of the Roman Ghetto. In the
According to Merriam-Webster a ghetto is, “ a part of a city in which members of a particular group or race live usually in poor conditions (ghetto).” This paper will focus, however, on what daily life was like in the ghettos, what Jews did or didn’t do to prevent their fate, and how Holocaust survivors are doing now. I chose this topic because when Elie and his family were living in the ghetto in the beginning of Night, it seemed as though they had plenty of opportunities to escape that they didn’t take. It also seemed much closer to pleasant than I imagined, and I was curious to see if that was completely true.
The majority of black communities in 1989 were among the poorest neighbourhoods in Chicago. Approximately 20% of black people were unemployed, compared to only 5.4% of unemployed white people (Street,2007). These statistics represent racial inequality which caused a lot of internal, and external damage to the black population. Rogue Sociologist, Sudhir Venkatesh’s (2008) novel called Gang Leader for a Day, reveals this disparity. In 1989 Sudhir participated in qualitative research, by studying the lives of people from the projects of Chicago. The projects are a subsidized housing development, provided by the government which requires low rent. Sudhir’s research is unique because it provides knowledge, that just statistics could not give. Also it portrays social disorganization in the community, specifically, the Robert Taylor Homes. Shaw and McKay’s social disorganization theory is that crime increases when poverty, ethnic diversity, and constant moving of houses, leads to social disorganization in the community (Sampson&Groves,1989). This paper will discuss how the Robert Taylor Homes support the social disorganization theory, due to an unstable family life, and poor economic conditions. Following, this paper will discuss the ways in which the community challenged disorganization, because of the homogenous population, and lack of mobility.
In the 1990s, they were changes that were important in the gentrification of cities in the United States. Corporate developers of the restructuring of the real estate industry initiated the process. Since the
Throughout history, the poor and undesirable classes of societies were always placed in separate living areas. For the undesirable poor and African Americans of America, the ghetto was created to keep them out of certain settlements. In his book, Dark Ghetto: Dilemmas of Social Power, Kenneth B. Clark describes the ghetto as having an "invisible wall" that surrounded it. People who live in ghettos have their social dynamics, behaviorism, and overall health negatively impacted by racism and segregation. Life in the ghettos is considered to be both harsh and dangerous due to the high crime rates and violence.
The sociological issue depicted in the video The New Ghettos of America is deviance. This is any belief, characteristic or action that members of a societal group consider a violation of group norms and that the person who violated these norms will be punished. One example of deviance from the video is the increase in crime in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. There are two cops in the video that talk about having to take twenty-four hour shifts most of the week to at most keep the crime under control because they haven’t even made a dent in solving the problems with drug and gang violence crime. Another example is the woman in Los Angeles who lost her son because gang members came into the house and shot him in his bed while he was unarmed.
There will always be negative stereotypes of low-income African Americans, but white police officers and officers of color tend to have slightly different views on the “ghetto.” Caucasian police officers often tend to think that black communities are entirely atrocious, but African American officers can see that there are both good and bad elements to this group of people. African American officers seem to moralize the class struggle between African American workers who are much like themselves, they do not let the negative views define them as a person. They have risen above their poor community and refuse to let it own them. Thus, African American officers often think that they are solely protecting the good people of the ghetto from the
The modern American ghettos are a problem that is prevalent in society today. A variety of methods have been proposed and enacted in order to uplift these ghettos, but the ghettos still remain despite the development and growth of the United States. Tommie Shelby, the author of Dark Ghettos: Injustice, Dissent, And Reform, proposes a unique method to help improve the conditions in the ghettos. He states that a major reason why the ghettos persistently remain despite all efforts to eradicate them is due to the cultural divergences between mainstream society and the ghettos. To combat this, Shelby proposes that the government and society should “make an appeal to the self-respect of the ghetto poor” (Shelby 115). This theory, though untested,