Power, Politics and Dealing with Conflict: DDR as a Political Process

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DDR as a Political Process In countries where conflict has raged, but where the political will has developed to work towards a non-violent state of being, DDR has been a policy to aid the sustainable development of peace. Ana Cutter Patel writes that DDR is an integral part of peace building; it tries to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate former combatants in order to establish security which is one of the key components of peace. According to Sandra Pogodda et al. DDR is also part of a state building practice, for demobilization and disarmament of ex-combatants ensures the state's monopoly on the use of force. The intervening organizations that practice DDR, often but not exclusively the UN, are assisting the government to ensure…show more content…
However, the same goes for political processes on an international level, only then the power differences between states and the international community are the focus. In order to explore whether DDR is political, the goal and means of the practice should be explained now that a definition of political processes is established. According to the UN, DDR " Aims at comprehensive reversal of war conditions to peace amongst belligerents and bring about peaceful conditions, enhance human security, stability and development through the transforming the role and posture of armed combatants". Five stages of DDR are acknowledged: firstly, DDR tries to achieve its goals by "weapon surrender, assembly, discharge, short to medium term reinsertion, and longer term reintegration". This reintegration relies on granting opportunities to the ex combatants to gain skills, giving them the option to having a civilian employment. DDR is led by third party actors in a post-conflict region. These actors take over an institutional role in the country, by strengthening the state. Hereby they have an active part in bridging power differences between former combatants and the current state. They help the state in the application of its power and agreements. They not only physically take away weapons, but they also try to bring about stable security by aiming to reintegrate former combatants. This in itself is political; balancing the concepts of justice or whether peace is a political

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