Power and Energy Crisis of Bangladesh

13714 Words Feb 5th, 2013 55 Pages
Introduction

Bangladesh is a country that has been exploited by many super powers in the past. 1st it was the British and then stated the Pakistani regime. Continuously oppressed and exploited by these powers the resources of this country were already half exhausted. When Bangladesh emerged on 1971, the country started a new journey towards self sufficiency with whatever left over resources she had. And with those Bangladesh has maintained her pride among the developing countries for more than 40 years.
The power and energy sector of Bangladesh may not be strong like other countries but it has been more than enough to provide for the fellow residents and also for exporting abroad. But for how long can Bangladesh maintain this?
It has
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6 of 1990 electricity for all by the year 2020.

Projected Demand
For Electricity

Considering the growth of the individual end-user sectors the projection of demand for energy should ideally be made. The demand forecast is based on the excellent historical correlation of electricity demand with GDP and three forecasts of GDP growth through 2025. The Base case uses GDP figures whose compound average annual growth rate is 5.2%. The low case GDP figures average annual rate is 4.5%. The high case is based on a GOB forecast with an annual average rate of 8.0%. These GDP growth rates produce net energy demand growth rates to 2025 of 7.9% for the base case, 6.7% for the low case and 12.0% for the high case. In these three scenarios, it is also assumed that transmission and distribution losses continue to fall. For transmission, they drop to 3.0% by 2018. Distribution losses drop to 10% by 2019.

Projected Demand for Electricity (Base Case) 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025
GDP (million Taka) 2,634,409 3,525,434 4,607,601 5,880,596 7,328,292
Growth Rate (%) 5.3 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5
Total GWh 21,964 33,828 50,306 72,222 100,083
Net Peak Load (MW) 4,308 6,608 9,786 13,993 19,312
Load Factor 58.2 58.4 58.7 58.9 59.2

Projected Demand for Electricity (High Case) 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025
GDP (million Taka) 2,664,431 3,525,434 4,607,601 5,880,596 7,328,292
Growth Rate (%) 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5
Total GWh 22,336

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