Power and Politics

1591 Words Feb 22nd, 2006 7 Pages
Power and Politics
Introduction
Power is important within organizations because power is the way in which management influences individuals to make things happen. When power and influence combine most of the time, "politics" becomes involved in some manner which may pose some problems. Organizational politics is best described as management influenced by self-interest through the use of means not necessarily authorized by the organization. Organizational politics have been viewed as an organizations enhancement tool to survive and fulfill goals. Power and Politics, though closely related, share similarities and differences but ultimately work together for the success of an organization. With this discussion of power and politics,
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Managers are often considered political when they seek their own goals or use means that are not currently authorized by the organization or that push legal limits" (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn-Wiley, p.406).
This would be when a manager or higher up use a means that is not governed by the organization to obtain the desired results. The second would be "the art of creative compromise among competing interests" (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn-Wiley, p. 408). When a person 's political use of power is up for speculation, there are three common ways that managers may use to protect themselves in self-serving situations. The first would be to avoidance, the second would be to redirect the responsibility to another and the third would be to defend his or her turf. Power and Politics in an organization may seem the same; however, there are two different ways of handling management. Power is defined as, "the ability to get someone to do something you want done or the ability to make things happen the way you want them to" (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn-Wiley, 2005, p. 357). Managers can use rewards such as money or promotions. They can even use punishment to exert his or her power and get the desired results. However, there is Legitimate Power that is behavior in which the "boss" has the right to command. Mill 's "harm principle," which
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