Pragmatics Of Language : Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

1107 Words5 Pages
Pragmatics of language in the broad autism phenotype
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily characterized by impairments in social-communication and interaction as well as restricted repetitive patterns of behaviours (DSM-V). It has a strong genetic component and thus, relatives of children with ASD are at a higher risk for the disorder. Sometimes, the core features of the disorder are present in other family members albeit in much milder forms. Such conditions do not meet the diagnostic criteria for ASD and are referred to as the “Broad Autism Phenotype” (BAP). The pragmatics of language are the rules that govern the use of language in a social situation. Pragmatic deficits are common among children with developmental disorders (e.g. Mental retardation, Specific Language Impairment etc.,) and especially so in children with ASD.
Pragmatic impairment is universal in ASD (one of the hallmark features). A study of pragmatic difficulties among the first degree relatives of children with ASD can be considered as a natural candidate for assessment of the BAP. Different groups of researchers in the west have demonstrated that pragmatic impairments exist in parents of probands with ASD (e.g. Hurley, Losh, Parlier, Reznick & Piven, 2007; Landa et al. 1992; Piven et al. 1997, Sasson et al., 2013). A study to gain further insight into the understanding of the phenotypic variations, if any that exist across cultures will inform interventions. The
Get Access