Good Essays
Prayer (Salat)
And be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: And whatever good Ye send forth for your souls before you, ye shall find it with Allah: For Allah sees well all that ye do. (Quran 2:110)
Salat, usually translated into English as "prayer", is one of the five pillars of Islam. The other four pillars are the Declaration of Faith (Shahadah), charity (Zakah), fasting (Sawm), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj). Salat should be performed five times a day: daybreak (Fajr), noon (Zuhr), mid-afternoon (Asr), sunset (Maghrib), and evening (Isha). These periods also conveniently correspond with man 's daily routine activities: rising, noon break, after work, dinner, and sleep. One could ask, why have prayers been described for
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In Salat, the recitations are always recited in Arabic, the sacred language of the Quran. However, a new convert to Islam who does not know Arabic may recite verses in translation in one 's own language until one is able to memorize at least two short passages in Arabic. Mastery of such a task is its own spiritually transforming reward.
The positions of "salat" consist of standing, bowing, prostrating and sitting. These physical acts are symbolic of the spiritual states of submission, humility and adoration of Allah Most High with one 's entire body and soul. In performing them, one 's heart is filled with the love of Allah, the recognition of one 's worldly existence and Allah 's infinite greatness and beneficence.
The self-discipline that is needed to perform salat regularly and at proper times reaffirms the human beings total dependence on his Creator and his position as His servant. Salat is the complete expression of man 's voluntary submission to Him. It is to be performed with strict concentration, attention and presence of heart, not simply as a mechanical, verbal and physical exercise.
So woe to the worshippers who are neglectful of their prayers. (Quran 107:4-5)
A Muslim is required to pray at the prescribed times wherever he may be - but it is preferable and more meritorious to pray in congregation with his fellow-Muslims if possible. In such congregational prayer, in which Muslims stand in straight rows, shoulder to shoulder as
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