Pre Ap World History : The Crusades

2814 Words12 Pages
Patrick Chen
Mr. Franklin
Pre-AP World History
26 November, 2014
The Crusades The Crusades began in 1095, when Christian armies from Western Europe reacted to Pope Urban II’s wish to go to war against the Muslim armies. The Christian army wore the cross made with red blood cloth to symbolize their religion. The Crusades took place between 1095 and 1291 and the goal was to stop the spread of Islam, to control of the Holy Land, to conquer pagan places, and to recapture Christian territories. Two-thirds of the ancient Christian world had been conquered by Muslims by the end of the 11th century but the Crusades, attempting to check this advance, initially enjoyed success, founding a Christian state in Palestine and Syria, but the continued growth of Islamic states denied those gains. There were a total of 11 official crusades in all. Only the First and Third Crusades were successful in achieving their main goal. In the long history of the Crusades, thousands of knights, soldiers, merchants, and peasants lost their lives on the march or in battle. But even though only the First and Third Crusades were successful in reclaiming parts of the Holy Land, the Crusades played an important role in the expansion of Europe. The Crusaders faced a multitude of obstacles. They didn’t have a consistent or widely accepted leader, no consensus about the relations with the churchman who went with them, no clear definition of what the pope would do during the crusading and no agreement with the

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