Pre-Columbian And Colonial Architecture In The Early 16th Century

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You are exploring the deep American jungle, filled exotic animals, and wild vegetation. You see and come to an opening. Once you are there, you find out you are in an European architectural styled city. Little anticlimactic twist than you expect. Central and South American Architecture before modern times (1850's to now) will be explained. As an overview, Pre-Columbian and Colonization architecture will be explained with history and technology. From 2000BCE to early 16th century (Pre-Columbian), most of the architecture of Central and South America was highly similar. Most of the buildings were made of stone, plants and organic materials. The biggest three groups in Pre-Columbian architecture are Mayan, Aztec and Inca. Each with some variation, but still all three groups were very similar. Pre-Columbian used community for their architecture. They were inspired from older empires, nature, religion, and cosmology. In the empire, each city state had own styles, but the most styles were based on stone buildings. The infrastructure of the cities was on higher grounds to avoid floods in the area. The buildings had stone fountains. Most buildings were rectangular and highly geometric, few were circular or U-shaped. Most settlements were rarely fortified, conquering people from politics, cultural and economical means. The structures of settlements were blended into their surrounding landscapes. Pre-Columbian valued their buildings as parts of nature: pyramids as mountains,

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