Pre-Spanish Period

8197 Words Jul 27th, 2011 33 Pages
The Pre-Spanish Period
Historical Background

Long before the Spaniards and other foreigners landed or set foot on Philippine shores, our forefathers already had their own literature stamped in the history of our race.
Our ancient literature shows our customs and traditions in everyday life as traced in our folk stories, old plays and short stories. Our ancestors also had their own alphabet which was different from that brought by the Spaniards. The first alphabet used by our ancestor was similar to that of the Malayo-Polynesian alphabet.
Why certain things existed in their physical environment must have intrigued the ancient Filipinos as it did other early peoples. In their effort to define their world, to account for the
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- widely disseminated through all places in the world might bring to reality what we all bring about our world.
- The folktales are shaped by the thoughts and the actions, the aspirations and fears of a people. Often the outline of a story and sometimes even the characters are common to several characters (epic and folklore).

Why Myths are Studied

We study myths for at least 5 reasons:

1) They have had such a deep influence on all great literatures.
2) The great writers in the English language have been fascinated by the stories that these ancient people told.
3) We can hardly understand Shakespeare or Milton or Keats or Lowell without being familiar with the myths of Greece and Rome.
4) They also provide modern drama with themes and spectacles.
5) Mythology is an important link to the past.

Philosophical Bases of Mythology

1) Scriptural Theory, according to which , all stories of myths and legends are derived from the Scriptures, though the real facts and names have been disguised and altered. (e.g. Deucalion is Noah, Hercules is Samson, Arion is Jonah, etc.)

2) Historical Theory, according to which, all the persons mentioned in mythology were once real human beings, and the legends and fabulous traditions relating to them are merely the additions and embellishments of later times.
(e.g. Aeolus, king of the Winds, was ruler of some islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea;
Cadmus, who sowed the earth w/ dragons’ teeth)

3) Allegorical
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