Prefixation Inthe English Language and Its Role in Enriching the English

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CONTENTS

Introduction……………………………………………………….3
Chapter I. Word-formation and its basic peculiarities……….……5
1.1. Affixation in the English language……………………..…….7 1.2. Degree of derivation…….…………………………...……….7 1.3.Homonymic derivational affixes……………………...……..18
Chapter II. Prefixation in the English language…………………28
2.1. Prefixation. Some debatable problems………………...……28
2.2. Classification of prefixes…………………………..………..33
2.3. Productive and non-productive word building prefixes…………………………………...…………………41
2.4. Some prefixes in the English language in comparison with the Uzbek language………………………………….…….52
Conclusion…………………………………………………..….57
The list of used
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Affixation is one of the most productive ways of word-building throughout the history of English. It consists in adding an affix to the stem of a definite part of speech. Affixation is divided into suffixation and prefixation. In our research we analyzed the problems of prefixation in English and Uzbek languages.
Word-formation is the process of creating new words from the material available in the language after certain structure and semantic formulas and patterns.
For instance, the noun driver is formed after the pattern v + -er, i.e. a verb-stem + the noun-forming suffix -er. The meaning of the noun driver is related to the meanings of the stem drive and the suffix -er: "a driver is one who drives (a carriage, motorcar, railway engine, etc.)". Likewise compounds resulting from two or more stems joined together to form a new word are also built on quite definite structural and semantic patterns and formulas, for instance, adjectives of the snow- white type built according to the formula n + adj, i.e. a noun stem + an adjective stem: coal-black, age-long, care-free, etc.
It can easily be observed that the meaning of the whole compound is also related to the meanings of the component part.
It should be noted that the understanding the word-formation as expounded here excludes semantic word-building. By semantic word-building some linguists understand any change in

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