Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978

983 WordsNov 13, 20104 Pages
Running Head: Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 Michelle C. Nelson Strayer University: Human Resource Management - BUS310002016*201004 Instructor: Carol G. Durst-Wertheim, Ph.D. Abstract The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 is an amendment to the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. Under the act, an employer cannot lawfully refuse to hire a woman if she is pregnant unless her condition makes it impossible for her to perform the major functions of the position. I think this amendment was a great achievement for all woman trying to show they are equals to men, while still trying to…show more content…
An employee cannot be forced to take pregnancy leave if they are still willing and able to work. An employee must be provided the same level of medical benefits, disability insurance and leave as are offered for other medical conditions or disabilities. A male employee is entitled to health insurance coverage for his wife 's pregnancy related conditions if a female employee 's husband has comprehensive health insurance coverage. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act does not require preferential treatment for pregnant employees. Rather, it mandates that employers treat pregnant employees the same as non-pregnant employees who are similarly situated with respect to their ability to work. The PDA expands the definition of "sex" in Title VII as follows: "The terms 'because of sex ' or 'on the basis of sex ' include but are not limited to, 'because of ' or 'on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions '; and women affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions shall be treated the same for all employment related purposes, including the receipt of benefits under fringe benefit programs, as other persons not so affected but similar in their ability or inability to work." (EEOC) Pregnancy discrimination is still occurring today. The Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC) received 6,196 charges of pregnancy-based discrimination in 2009. This is a significant increase
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