There were many social and economic changes that took place in human development from the Paleolithic through Neolithic periods. First, humans invented agriculture to use in their day to day lives. Next, roles of men and women began to shift. Finally, another change between these two periods had to do with living quarters. Art was affected in all of these changes made during the transition from Paleolithic to Neolithic eras.
The study of Greek sculpture is a complex relationship of Roman sculpture. And a large number of Roman sculpture, especially in the stone, survives more or less intact, it is often damaged or piecemeal; life-size bronze statues are much more rare, because as most have been recycled for their metal. The
The cultural artifact that I propose to study is a bust of Queen Nefertiti, who was the Royal Wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten. The bust is said to be painted with stucco-coated limestone, created in 1345 B.C by Thutmose who was a talented sculptor. The bust was discovered in 1912 in Thutmose’s workshop by Ludwig Borchardt and his archaeological team. The bust had many owners in Germany throughout the years, however, it is currently on display at the Neues Museum in Berlin. The Nefertiti bust is a cultural phenomenon, especially for ancient Egypt as well as Berlin. Germany had the bust for over a century now and it has been their pride and joy. The argument between Egypt and Germany over the bust has been going on for decades. Egypt believes that the bust belongs to them and that it was taken
In archaeological terminology, the practice of cultural transfer is called 'diffusion ' (Fagan, 1996, p. 175-176). When attempting to examine how much of Roman culture was Greek in origin, the Greco-Roman world can offer a great insight into the way 'diffusion ' operates.
Modern figurines of art stem directly from the hands of the ancient’s. The organic forms of modernly sculpted artifacts can most likely be directly referenced to the movements of prehistoric artworks. There seems to be an ongoing transition on how cultures no matter how stretched apart through time, contrasted by ethnicity or religious views; can all be somewhat related to each other by the methods or principles portrayed through their artworks. In fact, I saw that very transition; within two works in which are extremely different in meaning, craftsmanship, time, culture and so on. However, I was still able to find similarities within the artifacts. In this paper I will examine Venus of Willendorf, a Paleolithic carving in limestone; which can fit in the palm of one’s hand. As well as, The Sacrifice of Chacmool, which are a plethora of Mesoamerican statues emulating rituals of sacrifice.
A prehistoric archaeologist’s goal, as per Scupin and DeCorse (2013:5), is to decipher the beliefs and mindset of past societies, particularly early inhabitants of Europe and America, through their material culture, such as the cave art found in Lascaux. This cave, located in southern France, contains what is believed to be one of the oldest artistic representations of wild animals and art; it has captured the interest of numerous scientists, philosophers and historians, all of whom wish to make sense of these enigmatic images (Lippit 2002:20). With the multitude of minds working to decode these images, it comes as no surprise that there are a variety of unique interpretations of these paintings
The Eagle-headed Apkallu Guardian Figure is a low relief sculpture from 883-859 B.C. Assyria. Made from gypsum, this sculpture measures approximately 42 1/8 inches tall, 26 inches wide and 1 ½ inches thick. The sculpture is mounted on the wall of the dark, navy-blue painted Antiquities section of the Museum of Fine Arts Houston, dimly lit by the luminance of showcase lights. The guardian figure watches over the room as visitors pass through the archway between two exhibits of the Museum of Fine Arts Houston. In The Eagle-headed Apkallu Guardian Figure, the artist uses compositional choices, stylistic
Depicted in tomb and temple drawings are scenes of everyday living, models of people and animals, glass figures and containers, and jewelry made from gold and semi-precious
Throughout the history of art, the human body and figure has captivated both artisans and their audiences. This can be said especially of the Greeks and their sculptures. Even from the earliest periods, Greeks motivation for the search of the ideal human body can be seen through the sculpture Metropolitan Kouros (c 120-50 BCE), created in the Archaic period and said to be found in Attica, Ancient Greece (Richter 1931, p. 220). However, it is not until High Classical period that they truly achieve their goal with Polykleitos’ The Spear Bearer (c. 120-50 BCE) or the Doryphoros (its Greek name). The sculpture, found in a Palestra in Pompeii, Italy is said to be the epitome of perfection during its period. Although there is exquisite rendering and beauty in both sculptures, there are also a vast number of differences that make each work unique.
The Chauvet Cave, which is located in the southern part of modern day France, is full of Palaeolithic (Paleolithic) paintings created about thirty to thirty-three thousand years ago. The last Ice Age period was estimated to be around one-hundred-and-ten to twelve-thousand years ago, and places this within it. However, it was only discovered about twenty-two years ago in 1994 by a group of “cavers” led by the man himself, Jean-Marie Chauvet. Today, the cave is compelling to many observers as it is described to be loaded with “skillfully executed” charcoal and carved creations including animals such as horses/stallions, deer-like figures, lions, hyenas, owls, panthers, and rhinos.
My second piece I want to tell you about is the Sphinx of Amenhotep III. This piece was made sometime between 2000-1000 B.C. The artist from this piece is unknown but it is believed that the Sphinx of Amenhotep III is a model of a temple. It is only about 9 7/8 inches in length, 5 1/4 inches in width and 5 1/4 inches tall. Amenhotep III had many statues completed of him and during that age Amenhotep built many temples and other chapels. By the looks of it, it just looks like a giant doorstopper. But this artifact has great symbolism. The sphinx puts two things together and offers them to the gods, and that would be protective power of the lion with the royal function. It’s a lion’s body but transforms to human arms and hands. It has about
The Athenian Acropolis could be considered the most representative of the Greek Acropolis. The Athenian Acropolis is located on the top of a mountain and it was used as a defense and as a site of the main places of worship. The entrance to the Acropolis is a gate called Propylaia performed by the architect Mnesikles. At the front right side of the Propylaia, there is an Ionic building named the Temple of the Athena Nike designed by Kallikrates. A great statue of Athena created by Phidias, was originally stood in the center. To the right of where this sculpture was, there is the Parthenon. The architects that carried out this building were Iktinos and Kallikrates. The Parthenon is a Doric temple, which was designed with slight corrections
This book tackles on the evolution of art dating back to cave art into modernism. It not only discusses about the aesthetic appeal of art but rather it a wide variety of art form such as literature, art, music, architecture and also designing. The author also showed the chronological order of how art itself evolve from figures found in caves, turning into different various art style. The authors also conclude that rather than to explore the field of art through major themes or historical parts, what he did is he combined the two which is called the combination of thematic and chronological approach. In the first few chapters of the book the authors deal with the difference of romanticism to classicism, bits by bits starting from the fifth-century