Prenatal Genetic Testing Should Be Allowed

1569 Words7 Pages
In Canada, there has been an ever-increasing gain in technological advances, opening the way for innovative genetic testing and manipulation. Prenatal genetic testing is becoming more readily available to expectant parents, many who currently appreciate the option of amniocentesis, a procedure performed in the second trimester to test for Down syndrome, among other prenatal tests (Lippman 383). However, technology has advanced to the point where doctors will be able to test fetuses and embryos for potential defects, and this point of contention has led to a debate on whether prenatal genetic testing should be openly available to all Canadians. This issue raises concerns of how society treats people with disabilities, and potential negative impacts for allowing prenatal genetic testing, yet should not outweigh the importance of patient choice and autonomy. This paper will argue that prenatal genetic testing should be provided to all Canadians, and will be supported by two ethical standpoints. To deny Canadians access to prenatal genetic testing would be contrary to Rawls’ principle of equality of opportunity and the deontological perspective that people should be treated as ends in themselves, and not merely as a means to an end. This essay will also provide a counter-argument to the position stated in this essay, and further explain why my assertion must stand. John Rawls is a theoretical philosopher, whose theories have largely impacted philosophical discussion
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