The introduction of the AASB 15 alters the existing accounting framework in regards to revenue recognition in contractual transactions. The new accounting standards require revenue to be recognised at the value that best represents the value that an entity would be entitled to, after it satisfying its contractual obligations. A 5-step model has been introduced to streamline the revenue reporting process.
The accounting department of CAM is instructed by the CFO to recognize the revenue only after the collection of cash, due to uncertainty of collection, which is reasonable and does not show any management intention to deliberately choose the method that results lower net income. Although this method complies with revenue recognition criteria under IFRS, it substantially postpones the revenue recognition process, as well as understates the net income as it only accounts for cash received. Under this approach, the occurrence of expense does not match with the related revenue, thus misrepresents the company’s profitability and income statement.
The revenues for company-operated stores and licensed stores are identified separately on the Consolidated Statement of Earnings, but there is no way to identify how much deferred revenue one is generating over the other for management decisions. It is possible that the revenue earned in Licensed Stores Revenues includes gift card products. This would mean that both company-operated stores and licensed stores hold the deferred revenue liability and presents a challenge to management for recording revenue. Identifying how to de-recognize these gift card liabilities poses a significant challenge for management.
In 2018 it will be mandatory that AASB111 and AASB108 are replaced by AASB15. This new standards main principle necessitates entities to recognise revenue to portray the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that mirror the payment, of which the company expects to be entitled. AASB15 also provides regulation for transactions that were not previously addressed thoroughly, such as service revenue and contract modifications. Essentially it presents a 5 step system of Identifying the contracts with the customer, identifying the separate performance obligations in the contract, determining the transaction price, allocating the transaction price to certain performance obligations and recognizing revenue when or as the entity fulfils performance obligations – This is demonstrated towards the end of the report with a
The three procedures of accounting and bookkeeping assist an individual in recognising the most effectual use of capital incomes, gauging the properties of the cost controls across their finances. The accrued economic data is collected into usable data facts and reports are summarised for their decision-making procedure. By recognising and gauging costs, individuals can transfer capital to advance productivities and decrease costs.
For as long as businesses have existed, so has accounting. With time, it has become more complicated and detailed, but it is still a process of keeping financial accounts in order. Through accounting, or financial reporting, a system is set up to keep track of, maintain and audit the financial proceedings. Because accounting and financial reporting of a business is so important for its accuracy and in general, a lot of ethical, technological and legal concerns are involved. In this paper, we will look identify and explore the concerns of each of these.
In this report I will be describing how legislation and accounting concepts, could affect a business company’s accounting policies. I will also be talking what Acts contain, concepts and their importance, and also accounting policies. I will be supporting my work with examples.
Collectability of revenues must be explicitly assessed in a contract before applying the revenue recognition model. An entity must take into account the credit risks and probability of revenue collection as the amount of consideration for the transfer of goods or services based on the customer’s capacity and intention to make due payments. This is one essential difference from the previous standards (Wilson and Sobolewski).
A congruent between International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) is that both specification tend to use a statement of cash flows, income statement and a balance sheet (Nadel, 2010). When confronting cash equivalents and cash, both approaches are essentially similar in characteristic. Furthermore, the leading reciprocal is that both IFRS and GAAP assist in producing financial statements on an accrued basis; generally meaning that revenue is often recognized once it is realized (Nadel, 2010). In the course of time this will assist in a complete merger of both accounting principles in the near future; eventually a merger will assist with the differences associated with both IFRS and GAAP allowing for certain principles to be removed or restructured.
Significant Inconsistencies are limit on contingent revenue, no observable selling price or entity have ongoing incidental obligation but still recognise all of the transactions as revenue despite the outstanding obligations that still need to be fulfill (Collin.S, 2015). Nevertheless, weaknesses that lead to the change are time value of money, variable consideration or timing on revenue recognition as entity remain uncertainty on when to recognise revenue due to lack of clear and comprehensive guidance on IAS 18.14, 18.20 and 18.26 (Deloitte, n.d)
IAS 18 considers the accounting procedure of potential components of revenue organization primarily from transactions involving the sale of goods, rendering of services, as well as through other organizations or individuals property of the reporting organization, giving interest, dividends or royalties. If the probability of the economic
This research paper will detail the modified accrual revenue recognition in State and Local Government (SLG) accounting. There will also be discussions on the guidance of governmental fund expenditure recognition, and how it is used in state and local governments. Certainly, there are differences between the fund and the government-wide financial statements, but there are some similarities. Within the paper, it will include the purpose as well as the content of the financial statements. While explaining the government-wide financial statements, the preparation using derived information in the conversion worksheets, will be presented. Lastly, in this research paper, I will explain the elements of a Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR).
The boards proposed a standard by which revenue would be recognized entirely based on the firm’s contract with the customer. Any remaining rights or obligations in the contract would give rise to net contract assets or net contract liabilities. Under the proposal, revenue would be recognized based on the changes in rights and obligations under a contract entered into with a customer. Rights (assets) arise from a customer’s promise of cash or other compensation while obligations (liabilities) arise from the firm’s promise to transfer assets to the customer. Revenue is recognized whenever there is an increase in contractual assets or a decrease in contractual liabilities or a combination of both. Remaining rights under the contract are measured, the balance of which will create a net contract asset or a net contract liability.
Topic Allowed income and deductions Deductions for and from AGI Deductions for and from AGI Deductions for and from AGI Deductions for and from AGI Deductions for and from AGI Deductions for and from AGI; deductions disallowance Ordinary and necessary requirement Reasonable compensation Business versus nonbusiness losses Reporting procedures Method of accounting: cash basis Prepayment provision for cash basis taxpayer All events and economic performance