Preparation of Detergents

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PREPARATION OF DETERGENTS CONTENTS Introduction 1. Classification of synthetic detergents * Anionic Detergents * Neutral or non-ionic detergents * Cationic Detergents * Bile Salts - Intestinal Natural Detergents * Amphoteric Detergents * Amphoterics 2. Key Concepts 3. Raw Materials 4. The Manufacturing Process * Introduction * End Products * The Blender Process * The Agglomeration Process * The Slurry Method * Liquid Detergent * Quality Control Production Process of Laundry Detergent Powder * Process * Feeding of Base Powder and Additives * Typical Production Process For Laundry Detergent Powder * Typical Ingredients * Liquid Feeders supply 5.…show more content…
Low lathering prevents foam build up in dishwashers. | -car shampoos -dishwasher detergents -cosmetics | . Anionic Detergents A class of detergents having a negatively charged surface-active ion, such as sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate Neutral or non-ionic detergents: Non-ionic detergents are used in dish washing liquids. Since the detergent does not have any ionic groups, it does not react with hard water ions. In addition, nonionic detergents foam less than ionic detergents. The detergent molecules must have some polar parts to provide the necessary water solubility. Cationic Detergents: Another class of detergents have a positive ionic charge and are called "cationic" detergents. In addition to being good cleansing agents, they also possess germicidal properties which makes them useful in hospitals. Most of these detergents are derivatives of ammonia. A cationic detergent is most likely to be found in a shampoo or clothes "rinse". The purpose is to neutralize the static electrical charges from residual anionic (negative ions) detergent molecules. Since the negative charges repel each other, the positive cationic detergent neutralizes this charge. It may be surprising that it even works because the ammonium (+1) nitrogen is buried under the methyl groups as can be seen in the space filling model. In the graphic on the left, the polar part of the molecule consists of three alcohol groups and an
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