I would like to place Lilo from the movie Lilo and Stitch, into the following theorists, Piaget and Kohlberg’s theory.
The development of children can depend on many factors, one of the important ones being socioeconomic status (SES). SES can be defined as a multidimensional construct, including measures of social factors such as power, prestige and hierarchical social status, and economic resources (Hackman and Farah, 2009). Child development can be studied from multiple dimensions such as physical, mental, social, and emotional development among others. For the purposes of this study, I will be focusing on how socioeconomic status affects child cognitive development.
Abstract Educators and caregivers must understand that children come from diverse backgrounds. Children who live in poverty or low-income families face many challenges. When a child is from a low-income family, you must know and understand the obstacles the child and their families may face. There are many ways living in
The environment that a child is exposed to is very influential, as a high-quality living environment has been positively linked to cognitive development (Guo & Harris, 2000). Therefore those children living in poverty are at a further disadvantage due to their low-quality living environment.
One of the most obvious and frequently researched consequences of child poverty is low academic achievement. Duncan et al. (1994) concluded that family income and poverty level remain the most powerful determining factors of the cognitive development of children even after many other factors such as family structure and parental education are considered. The same study also found that there was a positive correlation between family income
Early childhood. During the 1990s, the nation was inundated with reports on the importance of the early years on children's brain development and later cognitive achievement. While some of the reports may have overstated the issue and understated the importance of a child's later years on development, evidence suggests that the early years may be a critical period of development in which family poverty has particularly strong effects on young children. As seen in Table 1, poverty occurring early in a child's life (age two to four) is associated with large effects on indices of child school readiness and cognitive outcomes.
The Effects of Childhood Poverty on Intellectual Development It is widely known that poverty has many negative effects on the development of children who grow up in impoverished homes. One of the most influential outcomes of a person’s life is their intellectual development, which takes place primarily within the first years of life. Not only can childhood poverty result in less enjoyable childhoods, but adversely affects the cognitive and behavioral development; yet more specifically, children’s intellectual development (Duncan 406). In fact, the economic conditions that a child is subjected to during early and middle childhood is very crucial for forming ability, achievement, and intellectual development (Duncan 408). Poverty has
Childhood poverty is interrelated with brain development and external variables more specifically brain volume and the caregiver and stressful life events. According to “The Effects of Poverty on Childhood Brain Development” a research article by Joan Luby, MD and several affiliates of Washington University, “poverty negatively impacts brain development” (Luby, 2013). A second popular press article in U.S. News & World Report, “Early Childhood Poverty Damages Brain Development, Study Finds” by Allie Bidwell, who is the education reporter at U.S. News, summarizes the research study by Joan Luby and her colleagues and incorporates census data, previous research studies, and the opinion of Charles Nelson of the Boston Children’s Hospital and
This paper is going to carry out a literature review on cognitive development in infants. The paper will review cognitive development in infants at different stages. Effects of early experience on mental development in infants will also be discussed. The research question and the hypothesis of the research will also be given.
According to the American Psychological Association, in a study of American kindergarten children, 36 percent of lower class parents read to their children on a daily basis, compared to the 62 percent of parents from higher incomes. Children’s initial reading skills are correlated with their home environment, and number of books owned and read to them on a daily basis. As a result, socioeconomic status (SES) affects our society as a whole; its relevancy to all realms of behavioral and social science includes education and advocacy. The inequities in wealth distribution and resource distribution is increasing in the United States which is directly correlated to the inequality seen in our education system nationwide. According to APA, children from low-SES communities develop academic skills more slowly compared to children from higher SES backgrounds. Consequently, Initial academic skills are correlated with the home environment; therefore, low literacy environments and stress negatively affect a child’s academic skills. The school systems in low-SES communities are often under resourced, negatively affecting students’ academic
Does Reading to Infants Benefit their Cognitive Development at 9-months-old? An Investigation Using a Large Birth Cohort Survey, authored by Aisling Murray and Suzanne M. Egan, evaluates the extent to which reading affects a child’s cognitive development. The article referred to a study used to assess how often the child was read to, and the affects it had both long-term and short-term. Overall, the authors agreed that reading to children affects their cognitive development in many different aspects before this study took place. Murray and Egan also observed whether talking to the child frequently and showing the child pictures affected cognitive development.
In this paper I will cover the interview that I had with a child to evaluate their overall stage of cognitive development. To figure this out, there were questions and games that based on the child's answer I could see what stage they were in. For every game the child
Cognitive processes can enable all other learning to take place, as well as children’s knowledge of the social and physical world. Strengthening children's cognitive development can be done through practicing cognitive skills and those concepts and skills in a variety of subjects such as, Mathematics, Social Studies and Science. Early cognitive skills include memory, thought, reasoning, and problem solving. Children will begin to show signs of memory when when they begin to reenact a series of events that they have observed at an earlier time. This is often seen when a young girl takes care of a babydoll the same way her mother does with younger siblings. By doing that the girl is learning to “recreate complex ideas, events, and situations
The developmental stages of growth in childhood comes from many theorists such as Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Erik Erikson have provided ways to understand development. Middle childhood is an important stage and pathway to future development. Middle childhood includes biological and neurophysiological development. During my middle childhood I was an average height and I really skinny. I throughout my middle childhood years I weighed 90 pounds. I started puberty really late, I think I was about fifteen when I got my first period. Cognitive development includes intellectual and language development, reasoning abilities and memory capacities. During middle childhood, I like to think that I was a logical reasoner an I achieved
There are many different things that shape the cognitive development of children. To begin with cognitive development is when a child develops how to process, solve problems, and start making decisions. Once they have learned this they take everything they have learned into their adolescence. An example, of what