Prescription Drug Abuse Essay

1744 Words Aug 3rd, 2013 7 Pages
Prescription Drug Abuse Research Paper According to results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 2.4 million Americans used prescription drugs non medically for the first time within the past year. This statistic averages to approximately 6,600 new people per day who are taking prescription drugs that were not prescribed to them, or are not needed to treat a serious condition anymore. More than one-half of the 2.4 million people taking prescription drugs for the first time are women, ,and about a third were aged 12-17. Prescription drug abuse is highest among young adults, ages 18-25. According to the NSDUH the most commonly abused prescription drugs are opiods, CNS depressants, and stimulants. …show more content…
CNS depressant abuse overtime will produce a dependence, requiring the user to seek more of the drug and often more powerful dosages to achieve the intended effects. Continued use can also lead to physical dependence and withdrawal when use is abruptly reduced or stopped. All CNS depressants work by slowing the brain's activity, when an individual stops taking them, there can be a rebound effect, resulting in seizures or other harmful consequences. Although withdrawal from benzodiazepines can be problematic, it is rarely life threatening, whereas withdrawal from prolonged use of barbiturates can have life-threatening complications. Someone who is addicted to barbiturates will begin to feel acute withdrawal symptoms within 8-16 hours after the last dose. Symptoms can be present for as long as 15 days and are most severe at the beginning of withdrawal. Barbiturates withdrawal symptoms can include restlessness, insomnia, weakness, dizziness, nausea, sweating and anxiety. There may be tremors, seizures, hallucinations and psychosis. Users may become hostile and violent. Without proper treatment, hyperthermia, circulatory failure, and death can result. Some of the CNS depressents that are commonly abused are Ativan, Librium, Valium, Xanax, Phenobarbital, Ambien and Lunesta. Some of the street names for these prescription drugs are barbs, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, and yellow

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