Prescription Medication Pros And Cons

1009 Words5 Pages
Prescription Use Only
According to Psychologist Ellen Pastorino, a Professor of Psychology at Valencia College, “In 2012, an estimated 23.9 million people (9.2%) in the United States aged 12 or older admitted to using illegal substance in the past month” (Pastorino, 149). Prescription medication is useful as a method of treatment for illness, but irresponsible use of a psychoactive substance can lead to addiction. Psychologists, and medical doctors are concerned about misuse of psychoactive substances since it can lead to physiological, and psychological distress, decreasing overall wellbeing. Anyone has the potential of developing an addiction, which is the key danger to these psychoactive medications – they are a useful tool in the medical
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Psychoactive medication misusers who are more likely to become addicted seem to be insensitive to the effects of the medication. Douglas S. Ramsey, Ph.D., adjunct Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington, researches behavioral pharmacology, focusing on drug tolerance. In his article, Predicting Addictive Vulnerability: Individual Differences in Initial Responding to a Drug’s Pharmacological Effects, he conducted a study with rats to obverse how Nitrous Oxide affects them – the rats with the least amount of affects had a higher possibility to have a vulnerability for addiction. Ramsey states, “An individual’s hyper-responsive phenotype may be a common vulnerability mechanism that impacts a variety of challenges to different physiological systems and that can be manifest as appearing initially insensitive in the case of a drug challenge” (Ramsey, 15). Ramsey’s research suggests that the interaction of the both the environment and genetics contribute to insensitivity. Insensitivity does correlate with addiction, since when less of the effects of a drug are felt, an addict is more likely to have a developing addiction, and use psychoactive medication more. Thus, addiction is caused by the brain’s reaction – neurochemical imbalance – to a psychoactive substance, however, depending on if the is a disruption in functioning can signal addiction
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