Preserving And Developing A National Identity

2147 Words Nov 2nd, 2014 9 Pages
Preserving and developing a national identity in China has been and continues to be an ongoing commitment, most notably since the seventeenth century. A nation is an imagined community consisting of a so-called myth of common descent, where those who contribute to society share a common experience. The concept of a “national identity” is crucial in understanding the history of China as it developed into a nation. Factors that have been established to define identity can consist of the following: the relation one has to a specific territory; the government system; religions; ideologies and beliefs; and importantly, in China, the relationship between government and class social structures. Moreover, the notion of “ethnic identity” surfaces due to diverse populations in china, starting from the Manchu invasion, continuously evolving until the development of foreign concessions, and beyond. Since the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644, when the Manchus took power in China, the native Chinese struggled with this preservation. During the early Qing Dynasty, cultural values and social values were the focal point of sustaining a national identity, and self-identity as well. Anti-foreignism, partly due to land invasions, overruling’s, and foreign notions, was a major contributor to the commitment of preserving this identity in China. Rebellions, movements, and reformations all resulted in this, which were all dedicated to help China emerge from an inferior state, to a superior…

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