Pressure Ulcer Prevention Essay

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Pressure Ulcer Prevention in the Acute Care Setting Pressure ulcers are localized wounds to the skin that are also known as decubitus ulcers, or are known by the colloquial term “bed sores.” They are common occurrences in healthcare that result from injuries to the skin and the tissues beneath it when the patient remains in one position for long periods of time. Pressure ulcers are typically located over an area with a bony prominence that then causes pressure on the skin. Pressure ulcers are especially common in individuals in extended care facilities, but can occur even in an acute setting. Pressure ulcers, in fact, can develop in just 24 hours, although they may not be apparent to healthcare providers until up to 7 days later (Truong, Grigson, Patel, & Liu, 2016). For immobile or relatively immobile patients, pressure ulcers are one of the most serious problems that can occur, because they can result in infections or other complications, and decrease the quality of life. As an example, a prospective cohort study conducted in Brazil found that pressure ulcers could harbor multi-drug resistant bacteria that conferred a mortality rate of 100 percent (Braga, Brito, Filho, Filho, & Ribas, 2016) and that were able to spread to other patients in the form of infected pressure ulcers or other hospital-acquired infections. The subject…show more content…
Pressure ulcers occur in hospital and nursing care settings around the world, and Chaboyer et al. (2016) find that hospital-acquired pressure ulcer prevalence in the UK, Sweden, Belgium, and Australia is approximately 15%. In 2007, recognizing that hospital-acquired pressure ulcers are an indicator of the quality of nursing care, the Medicare and Medicaid Services of the United States stopped all reimbursement of facilities for these claims (Cene et al.,
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